Air Pollution Will Eventually Be Responsible for 1.3 Million Deaths In 2030
Every year, 5.5 million people meet their end as a result of air pollution. Half of those deaths occur in China and India, two countries with quickly growing industries.
According to research presented at the annual meeting of the American, air pollution is one of the top global risk factors linked to diseases. It suggests that the number of deaths attributed to air pollution will continue to rise in the next few years.
Air pollution numbers are highest in countries with fast-developing economies, like China, India, Pakistan, Japan and Brazil.
"Air pollution is the fourth highest risk factor for death globally and by far the leading environmental risk factor for disease," said Dr. Michael Brauer, a professor at the University of British Columbia's School of Population and Public Health in Vancouver, Canada. He added that it's imperative that air pollution is reduced since it is the most efficient way of improving the "health of a population."
Factors such as vehicles, power plants, and industry have much to do with current air pollution numbers. A 2015 study noted that 3 million deaths occur every year thanks to pollution. Qiao Ma, a Ph.D. student at the School of Environment at Tsinghua University in Beijing, Chian, said that air pollution will cause anywhere between 990,000 to 1.3 million premature deaths in 2030.
"Our study highlights the urgent need for even more aggressive strategies to reduce emissions from coal and from other sectors," said Ma.
In India, the burning of wood seems to be fueling their air pollution problem.
"India needs a three-pronged mitigation approach to address industrial coal burning, open burning for agriculture, and household air pollution sources," said Dr. Chandra Venkataraman, professor of Chemical Engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, in Mumbai, India.
According to the World Health Organization, pollution in places with high population should be limited to 25 micrograms per cubic meter. In Beijing and New Delhi, levels averaged at or above 300 micrograms per cubic meter. This is 1,200 percent higher than the 25 micrograms suggested by WHO.